5 interesting Big Data articles

23rd March 2016

Preparing this upcoming March BDA conference, at Exoscale, we’ve been out surfing the web again, in search of interesting or entertaining bits and pieces of […]

Critically Engaging with Big Data

5th February 2016

We often hear of the multiple benefits big data can bring to the corporate space and to society at large.



Previous Speakers

Graham Charlesworth

Search Technologies, Vice President Sales, Europe

Graham became involved with enterprise search in 1995 after joining Excalibur Technologies. In 2006 he became Senior VP for Worldwide Sales at Convera.  Graham has 20 years search engine industry experience, an excellent reputation among his clients, and a strategic knowledge of the enterprise search space.  

Dr Mo Saraee

Reader in Data Mining & Bioinformatics, and Programme Leader for MSc Data Science, University of Salford-Manchester

Dr Mo Saraee is a Reader in Data Mining and Bioinformatics and the Programme Leader for MSc Data Science at the School of Computing, Science and Engineering, University of Salford. Mo has more than 35 years combined academic and industrial experiences in big data management and advanced analytics. He has been particularly successful in attracting £50k from HEFCE for the development of a new MSc in Data Science which allow students to gain industry recognised certification in Big Data Analytics from SAS and live dissertation projects with companies such as Mizuho International plc, Universal Music Group, Cross Channel Marketing, and Camden Council. Dr Saraee achieved similar success in research where his areas of expertise include the application of data mining and data science techniques in the medical and Bio medical fields. Dr Saraee has published over 115 scientific papers in reputable journals. His research outputs were cited over 700 times emphasising on the academic impact of his research.  He has been the principal or co-investigator of a number of research projects generating in excess of £280K in research income from Research Councils, UK Government agency and industry.

Aaron Regis

Solutions Engineer, DataStax

Aaron previously worked as a Solutions Engineer in the Cyber Threat Analytics space and as a Technical Consultant implementing Financial Crime Detection software in the financial services sector. He is passionate about technology, particularly database technology. After many years working extensively with relational DB technology he is excited to be working for the company behind Cassandra noSQL DB.

David Walker

Enterprise Data Platform Programme Director, Worldpay

David has over 20 years’ technical leadership expertise and has led the development and management of complex BI solutions, supporting technical architectures for a wide range of organisations spanning SME start-ups to large enterprises.

In his role at Worldpay, David specialises in developing and delivering the Enterprise Data Platform, a multi-tenant highly secure Hadoop platform for decision engines, analytics and reporting using his experience and knowledge in technical architecture, data modelling, ETL design, data quality, and metadata management.

Gillian Docherty

Chief Executive Officer, The Data Lab

Gillian Docherty is chief executive of The Data Lab, one of the eight innovation centres set up by the Scottish Government to enhance innovation and entrepreneurship across Scotland’s key economic sectors.

Already, under Gillian’s tenure The Data Lab supports 55 data projects predicted to contribute £80m to the Scottish economy and create 260 jobs.

Integral to delivering this is facilitating partnerships between industry and academia, supporting budding data science businesses and projects as well as funding first class, ground-breaking education programmes.

In March this year Gillian spearheaded Scotland’s first ever DataFest which saw world-renowned international experts in data science descend on Edinburgh to share cutting edge practices to over 2,000 attendees. 

As well as bridging critical partnerships with international leaders in data science, Gillian also launched The Data Lab’s MSc programme. Aimed at equipping students with data science business-ready skills, the success of the first MSc meant Data Lab funded places grew by 50 for this year’s intake – more than doubling from 90 to 130.

Formerly of IBM, she’s recently been named CEO of the year at the Digital Technology Awards and is also one of the UK’s top ten most influential people in data according to DataIQ.

Gillian is on the Board of Tech Partnership Scotland and is also a Board member of Glasgow Chamber of Commerce.

Nick Barth

Senior Sales Engineer, MicroStrategy

Nick Barth has been involved with planning and BI software longer than he likes to admit.  Nick first joined MicroStrategy ten years ago where he built up a reputation for working with some of the larger enterprise customers, particularly in retail.  Nick is a boomerang, having left MicroStrategy to work at a start-up in the BI space for a couple of years but was very excited to return to the fold last year.  He is now aiming to broaden his focus, supporting significant engagement in financial services as well

Ian Williams

Data Scientist, N Brown Group

Ian is part of N Brown Group’s rapidly growing data science team and is currently focused on customer related projects as well as diving into the world of open source analytics.

He has 15+ years of experience within data science and analytics in the retail industry. In his career to date he has worked across most areas of retail analytics including targeted marketing, digital analytics, econometrics, personalisation and experimentation.

Liam Grady

Head of Transformation - Water Supply, Thames Water

Liam Grady is a Programme Consultant with 15 years’ experience that has been working with Thames Water, Severn Trent Water and other organisations in and out of utilities over the last several years on data and transformation. Liam is responsible for making landing and delivering big data and analytics projects as well as wider transformation and change programmes. Liam is passionate about gadgets, technology, software and how disruption is the lever towards progress.

Mark Samson

Principal Systems Engineer, Cloudera

Mark Samson is a Principal Systems Engineer at Cloudera, helping customers solve their data problems with a modern platform for machine learning and advanced analytics. Mark has 18 years’ experience working with data and information management software in technical sales, service delivery, and support roles across a full spectrum of sectors including banking, retail and telecommunications.

Mark Renton

Head of IT Architecture, Domestic & General

Mark has spent the last 17 years as an architect, most of this time in Lloyds bank where amongst other things he defined the architecture and approach for the integration of HBOS into the Wholesale Bank. Currently Mark is the Director of architecture at Domestic and General and is working on strategic architectures as well as guiding the architecture on key transformation programmes including the implementation of MDM and a new data warehouse.

Wael Elrifai

Senior Director of Enterprise Solutions, EMEA & APAC, Hitachi Vantara

Wael Elrifai is an avid technologist and management strategist, bridging the divide between IT and business as Pentaho’s EMEA Director of Enterprise Solutions.  He’s been working in high performance computing, machine learning, the broader artificial intelligence field and the “Big Data” ecosystem for the past decade.  Wael has served corporate and government clients cross North America, Europe, the Middle East, and East Asia across a number of industry verticals and has presented at conferences worldwide.

With graduate degrees in both electrical engineering and economics he’s a member of the Association for Computing Machinery, the Special Interest Group for Artificial Intelligence, the Royal Economic Society, and Chatham House. 

Wael also serves on the boards of two charitable organisations and enjoys tinkering with “bleeding edge” technology, private aviation, and adventure travel.

Wael’s LinkedIn Profile:

Guy Cuthbert

Chief Exective Officer & Chief Technology Officer, Atheon Analytics Ltd

In 2005, Guy founded Atheon Analytics and has worked at the leading edge of UK visual analytics ever since, building Atheon into a recognised leader in the application of visual analytics to retail business challenges.As CEO and CTO Guy is accountable for Atheon’s business plan, vision, and values and direction, and the development, direction and security of Atheon’s technological capability.

Satya Singh

Data Strategy and Analytics Manager, Discovery Communications

Satya Singh is the data strategy and analytics manager at Discovery Communications, London. Satya has over ten years of experience within business and IT solving data related problems. He has worked in various fields – starting from e-commerce, product and digital to the realms of data and analytics.

Satya specializes in developing data and product strategy roadmaps to make sure big data means big insights. He is passionate about solving the big data problem in the world of the Internet of Things (IoT). He currently focuses on understanding how the media industry is transforming with data. Satya is passionate about bridging the gap between big data technologies and business – he is currently working with finance, marketing, ad sales, and audience teams to re-define how data can help the business to make effective decisions.

Stephen Foot

Head of Asset Condition, TfL Engineering

Stephen has worked within the railway industry for 30 years in a variety of operational roles, maintaining and renewing railway infrastructure, and more recently in strategic engineering functions.  Currently he is developing the use of data derived from London Underground’s assets, to provide actionable information, embedding it within the operational business to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of asset maintenance.

Travis Johnson

VP Engineering, AppNexus

Travis Johnson leads the team at AppNexus responsible for Application Monitoring. Prior to joining this leading Adtech Company, he was an engineer at Right Media and Yahoo!

Julian Schwarzenbach

Chair, BCS Data Management Specialist Group

Julian is an experienced information management practitioner with experience of a range of roles and sectors particularly in utilities and transport organisations. Julian is one of the country’s leading asset information management practitioners and is currently providing strategic support to a number of major infrastructure projects and organisations.

Julian is an experienced information management practitioner with experience of a range of roles and sectors particularly in utilities and transport organisations. Julian is one of the country’s leading asset information management practitioners and is currently providing strategic support to a number of major infrastructure projects and organisations. Julian is Chair of the BCS Data Management Specialist Group who organise events covering a range of data management topics and contributes to the development of data management policies, training and qualifications for the BCS. Additionally, Julian is leads on asset information related activities for the Institute of Asset Management, was part of the PAS1192-3 Steering Group and is a member of the Steering Group for BS1192-4.

Edward Kibardin

Chief Data Scientist, Badoo

Edward has been performing large scale data analysis and visualisation of social data in Badoo, one of the leading dating-focused social networking service with over 200 million of registered users. Edward enhanced his big data analytical skills during his past experience at Google and in large telecom companies such as Telus (Canada), France Telecom, DoCoMo (Japan), DU (Dubai). Edward has recently been actively pushing the big data visual presentation forward with the help of topological data analysis and deep learning algorithms.

Dr David Stephenson

Big Data Evangelist

Dr. David Stephenson was previously Head of Global Business Analytics at eBay Classifieds Group, a group with analytics teams spread over six continents. Prior to joining eBay, David held a professorship at the University of Pennsylvania, giving post-graduate lectures in applications of advanced analytics. David has also worked extensively in insurance, capital markets, and financial risk management and has served as an expert advisor to several large investment, consulting, and private equity firms.

David left eBay in 2014 to found DSI Analytics, a company whose goal is help organisations make step changes in their use of data and analytics. In his current role, he has worked closely with executives at various regional and multinational organizations; organisation such as CoolBlue, at the time the most rapidly growing e-commerce player in the Benelux (and now a market leader). He is currently finishing up an extensive engagement with @Leisure, a rapidly expanding subsidiary of Axel Spring operating within the Travel and Tourism Sector, working together with the managing board to formulate and launch a greenfield analytics strategy and to hire and on-board a newly formed analytics team. David is from the USA and is currently based in Amsterdam.

Professor Bradley Love

Professor of Cognitive and Decision Sciences, University College London

Brad Love is Professor of Cognitive and Decision Sciences at University College London and an inaugural fellow at the Alan Turing Institute, the UK’s national centre for data science. He works at the intersection of Neuroscience, Experimental Psychology, and Machine Learning. Current interests include using brain imaging data to select between competing models of cognitive function, and combining big data and psychological theory to understand consumer behaviour.

Peter Jackson

Head of Data at the Pensions Regulator

Peter is Head of Data at The Pensions Regulator (TPR), a new post tasked with developing and delivering a data strategy for the organisation which regulates the pensions and automatic enrolment in the UK. As a risk based regulator, sharing data across government and collecting large amounts of data from the regulated community, data is at the core of TPR operations. Before joining TPR Peter spent 17 years providing Data Strategy consultancy across the not for profit sector, financial services and FMCG working with large multi-national organisations and blue chip brands.

Stuart Estell

Enterprise Architect, Uniper

Stuart Estell is an Enterprise Architect with more than 15 years’ experience in the utilities sector. He worked as a technical design authority on the “One2two” programme which carved out Uniper from international energy supplier E.ON. Stuart is lead architect within Business Technology Uniper for collaboration and integration technologies.

Wouter Crooy

Technical Lead, Albumprinter(Vistaprint)

Wouter Crooy is the Solution Architect at Albelli, expertise in .NET arch/dev mainly busy with: C#, Integration, BizTalk, OpenCV and Neo4j.

Kevin Crowley

BI Insight Manager, Gocompare

Kevin is a highly experienced Business Intelligence professional specialising in leading insight and analytics teams to deliver commercial benefit. Currently leading MI & Analytics for, Kevin has designed and implemented an internal reporting framework, including dashboard creation and executive reporting, while coaching his team to expand through the BI maturity curve from reporting to insight generation. His previous experience also includes leading the MI functions for Allianz Insurance and Atradius Credit Insurance and his wealth of experience across different business areas prior to this, including operational departments and IT, has allowed him to build sustainable solutions across the full BI lifecycle. With significant management and leadership experience, Kevin is Chartered Manager status through the CMI (Chartered Management Institute), demonstrating his passion to lead teams to deliver high-quality results. His experience covers teams with operational focus, such as credit card underwriting and complaint handling to technical insight and BI specialists.

Anantha Prasad

Global Head, Data Governance and Head, Data and Information Management, RBWM, EMEA

Anantha is a seasoned thought leader and strategist with over 20 years of industry and management consulting experience in financial services having established and led data governance and data management activities with a focus on the risk / compliance domain across multiple clients in the Americas and EMEA. His current portfolio includes the set up of a big data ecosystem for Retail Banking and Wealth Management, exploration of disruptive technologies, business opportunities in the regulatory / compliance landscape and integration of cultural divides and customer journeys.

Chris Murphy

IT Architect, Zurich Insurance Company, UK

Having worked as an IT professional for the last 15 years in the financial services industry, Chris has a strong history of delivering architectural solutions in a complex technical landscape. Chris is currently working as the lead Solution Architect on the Zurich UK Life Data Lake (the first key deliverable on Zurich’s Big Data Platform) shaping the patterns and frameworks that will be used to realise our strategies, both locally and globally.

Peter Larsen

Chief Technology Specialist on Big Data & Data Science, Nordea

Peter Sergio Larsen is Chief Technology Specialist in the area of Big Data, Machine Learning and Data Science in Nordea and is 33 years old. His task in Nordea spans from working on concrete projects and defining and developing the new Common Information Platform (CIP) in Nordea.
He has hands on experience with various technologies from the Hadoop EcoSystem, such as Apache Spark, Apache HBase, HDFS, etc. but also machine learning modelling and data science has been a part of Peter’s daily work.
One of the key project that Peter is working on is in the area of Risk and Compliance. Other projects that Peter has been involved in include recommendation engines and face detection among others.

Roger Fletton

Global Insight Development Manager, Boots Walgreens Alliance

Roger has over 15 years’ experience in web development helping organisations gain insight from their data and delivering this to their end users.
Currently Roger leads a team of 5 BI Developers whose projects include the Boots Insight Portal (created using TIBCO Spotfire), which delivers a detailed understanding of Boots customers and their behaviour.

Adrian Swinscoe

Author of “How to Wow: 68 Effortless Ways to Make Every Customer Experience Amazing”

Adrian Swinscoe is a customer experience consultant and advisor, and has been growing and helping develop customer-focused large and small businesses for 20 years. He has previously worked with Shell, FT and The Economist Group and has advised and consulted to numerous large and smaller businesses helping them engage with their customers, build their customer retention and improve their service and customer experience.
Adrian is a huge fan of organisations that do great things for their customers and their people. He enjoys using research, stories and human insights to help create change and better results for his clients. Overall, he’s a lover of simplicity and an advocate of the human touch with some really useful technology thrown in.
Adrian has an MBA from Cass Business School, City University as well as an MA in Economics.
He has also recently published a new book: How to Wow: 68 Effortless Ways to Make Every Customer Experience Amazing (Pearson).

Deepak Nagappan Anitha

Digital Analytics Solutions Manager, Direct Line Group

An experienced Web Analytics Architect and Digital Marketing consultant with years of professional experience in leading global firms. A trained expert in Data Science with domain knowledge in financial services and the travel Industry specialising in digital journey and conversion optimization.

As Digital Analytics Solutions Manager at Direct Line Group, Deepak is leading design and implementation of digital analytics across Direct Line Group’s web estate. For most of his working life, Deepak has been involved with digital analytics and over the last 3 years he has specialised in Web Analytics Implementation.

Before joining DLG he was with Hertz International as their Web Analytics Manager for EMEA. This was equally fun and challenging as he was the only Web Analytics person for the entire EMEA market. Prior to this, Deepak worked for Visual IQ as a software engineer helping them shape their Marketing Attribution Modelling product. Deepak is a computer science engineer and received his Master’s qualification from the University of Manchester where he specialised in Data Management and Artificial Intelligence.

Christine Paulig

Manager, Data and Information Architecture, Barclays

Christine has been in the Technology Area for Financial Services for over 25 years. Having gathered experience internationally, she specialized in Application and Enterprise Architecture for well-known institutions (Banco Real, Dresdner Bank, Standard Bank, Barclays – current) across business units, functions and vendors (Oracle, SAP) and has since shifted into data and information architecture. Here she is leading Data Architecture to enable Barclay’s vision to become the ‘intelligent bank’, to deliver personalised authentic dynamic experiences for our customer to drive relevancy and engagement.

Dr. Alexander Weiss

Head of Data Science, GetYourGuide

Alexander is Head of Data Science at GetYourGuide, one of the world’s most successful online travel startups.
After receiving his PhD in econophysics from TU Berlin, Alexander worked as a risk manager at the world’s third largest reinsurer, Hannover Re, where he applied prediction models to estimate the company’s losses due to natural catastrophes. When he discovered data science and the fast-paced startup world, he did not hesitate to leave his mapped out career path. Alexander started working at the small Berlin-based mobile advertising startup Trademob. He spent the next 3.5 years on building and improving their real-time bidding platform for mobile ads. Currently, Alexander is shaping the data science department at GetYourGuide, where he and his team support stakeholders from all business units with their analytical and predictive challenges.
Alexander is also the founder and organiser of “Algorithms & Data Challenges Berlin”, one of Berlin’s most popular data science meetups.

Iain Hennessey

Clinical Director of Innovation, Consultant Paediatric Surgeon , Alder Hey Children’s Hospital

Iain Hennessey is a consultant paediatric surgeon and director of Innovation at the new Alder Hey Children’s Health Park. He has always been interested in digital innovation helping found a start-up surgical simulation company as a trainee and then progressing to become the clinical director of Innovation at Alder Hey Children’s Hospital. He is currently developing a long term strategy to build the world’s first “Living hospital” by adapting emerging technologies to enable the building to care for the children within it, both medically and holistically.

Lars Wikstrom

Lead Enterprise Architect, Investment Banking

Lars Wikstrom thinks a lot about how financial services firms need to innovate to be able to compete in the future against the up and coming FinTech revolution.
Recognised as a thought leader and innovator who questions the status quo by exploring disruptive technologies and concepts he has accrued significant experience of working within leading Tier One investment banks, as well as challenger banks and with technology service providers and tech vendors.
Most recently he worked in Enterprise Architecture with Fidelity Investments, but also with Deutsche Bank, HSBC and IBM.

Mark Dearnley

Chief Digital and Information Officer, HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC)

Mark joined HMRC in October 2013. He is leading the Department’s ambitious plans to digitalise its business, as well as being responsible for one of the largest and most complex IT estates in the UK.

Mark was previously Chief Information Officer at Vodafone UK where he was responsible for IT, supporting 19 million customers. He was named Oracle Global Business Unit CIO of the Year in 2012. He restructured Vodafone’s IT operating model, introduced Cloud-based technologies, and with the launch of 4G piloted real time customer experience analytics.

Prior to this, Mark spent six years at Cable and Wireless as Chief Information Officer and in other senior IT roles, and three years at Boots the Chemists. He was Chief Operating Officer for the start-up of and then Programme Director for the roll out of SAP. He began his career in the Aerospace industry and has also spent time as a management consultant.

Mark has a degree in electrical and electronic engineering from Brunel University and is a Fellow of both the Institution of Engineering and Technology and BCS, the Chartered Institute for IT.

Robert Bond

Head of Data Protection and Information Law, Speechly Bircham

obert Bond is a Partner and Notary Public at Speechly Bircham LLP and a Certified Compliance & Ethics Professional. He provides international notarial services and specialises in laws and regulations relating to IT, IP and Compliance. He is a legal expert and author in the fields of e-commerce, computer games, media and publishing, data protection, information security and cyber risks.

He is named in the National Law Journal’s list of 50 Governance Risk & Compliance Trailblazers, listed in the top 10 in “the Who’s Who of Information Technology Lawyers 2014” and also in “Best Lawyers in UK” and has specialised in data protection & information security law since 1983.

He is an Ambassador for Privacy by Design, is in the UN Global Pulse Privacy Advisory Group, on the Advisory Board of the Data Protection Academy of Malaysia, a non- Exec Director of the Data Protection Jobs Board, and on the Advisory Panel of the College of Law for their Legal Network TV.

Robert is listed for Data Protection in Chambers UK 2014 and clients describe him as “a brilliant lecturer, a meticulous lawyer” and say: “He continues to impress year on year. His spark of imagination and ability to grasp the technology are amazing.” “Everyone gravitates towards him. A very good communicator and very generous with his time.”

He is a Liveryman of Stationers, a Fellow of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, a Companion of the British Computer Society and an Honorary Member of the Institute of Export. Robert is author of “Negotiating Software Contracts” published in its 5th Edition in 2013 by Bloomsbury Professional, “Software Contracts” published by Tottel and “Negotiating International Software Licenses and Data Transfer Agreements” published by Sweet & Maxwell and is legal editor of “IT Policies & Procedures” published by WoltersKluwer.

Professor Yi-Ke Guo

Founding Director, Data Science Institute at Imperial College London

Yike Guo is a Professor of Computing Science in the Department of Computing at Imperial College London. He is the founding Director of the Data Science Institute at Imperial College, as well as leading the Discovery Science Group in the department. Professor Guo also holds the position of CTO of the tranSMART Foundation, a global open source community using and developing data sharing and analytics technology for translational medicine.

Professor Guo received a first-class honours degree in Computing Science from Tsinghua University, China, in 1985 and received his PhD in Computational Logic from Imperial College in 1993 under the supervision of Professor John Darlington. He founded InforSense, a software company for life science and health care data analysis, and served as CEO for several years before the company’s merger with IDBS, a global advanced R&D software provider, in 2009.

He has been working on technology and platforms for scientific data analysis since the mid-1990s, where his research focuses on knowledge discovery, data mining and large-scale data management. He has contributed to numerous major research projects including: the UK EPSRC platform project, Discovery Net; the Wellcome Trust-funded Biological Atlas of Insulin Resistance (BAIR); and the European Commission U-BIOPRED project. He is currently the Principal Investigator of the European Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) eTRIKS project, a €23M project that is building a cloud-based informatics platform, in which tranSMART is a core component for clinico-genomic medical research, and co-Investigator of Digital City Exchange, a £5.9M research programme exploring ways to digitally link utilities and services within smart cities.

Professor Guo has published over 200 articles, papers and reports. Projects he has contributed to have been internationally recognised, including winning the “Most Innovative Data Intensive Application Award” at the Supercomputing 2002 conference for Discovery Net, and the Bio-IT World “Best Practices Award” for U-BIOPRED in 2014. He is a Senior Member of the IEEE and is a Fellow of the British Computer Society.

Josep Casals

Lead Data Engineer, British Gas Connected Homes

Josep is a Technologist and the Lead Data Engineer at British Gas Connected Homes. He specialises on system architecture and technological innovation. Josep started his career in the telecoms industry and was involved in the specification of the first 3G standards. He’s a successful entrepreneur and learnt the challenges of scalability from his start-up experiences. He’s currently working on a unified data platform for Big Data Analytics for British Gas Connected Homes.

Jonathan Sunderland

Director of Information Science, Direct Line Group

Jonathan is a passionate advocate of Data Science. He is experienced in establishing and leading data science teams with a focus on distilling vast volumes of data into valuable, readily used forms to support strategic competitive intelligence programmes. Jonathan’s areas of special interest include data engineering, visualisation, advanced computer science, system architecture and agile methods.

Jonathan Gill

IT Director, Watchfinder & Co

Jonathan Gill has spent the last twenty years working in the IT sector, specialising in complex IT systems for the education, health, engineering, accountancy and retail industries. His experience with web front-end systems dates back to 1999, but his core focus is on developing bespoke information management systems. His most recent work has been for Watchfinder & Co., a Sunday Times Virgin Fast Track Hot 100 ‘Ones to Watch’ company, building the company’s entire IT infrastructure to support rapid growth and maintain a stock roster of well over 2,500 high-value luxury items across multiple locations whilst catering to ¾ of a million website visitors each month.

Joe Mitton

Special Adviser to the Mayor of London for Business and Enterprise

Joe Mitton is Special Adviser to the Mayor of London for Business and Enterprise. He advises the Mayor and provides strategic direction to civil servants in the Greater London Authority on business policy. Areas of focus include supporting the life sciences sector, developing London as a Smart City, encouraging the tech sector and digital innovation. Prior to the Mayor’s Office, Joe was a diplomat working on economic issues, and was a negotiator at the 2009 G20 Summit in London. He has degrees in economics and international relations, and speaks Japanese.